It is estimated that 70% of women are affected by varicose veins and 50%?by spider veins. Factors such as heredity, pregnancy, prolonged standing or sitting, trauma and hormonal changes all contribute to the development of these veins. If these veins are left untreated, problems such as painful, bulging varicose veins, skin discoloration, edema or ulcerations can occur.
Types of veins
Spider veins are small clusters of red, blue or purple veins that are commonly found on calves, thighs and ankles. Although the common perception is that they are a cosmetic issue, they are often a symptom of the more serious underlying problem of venous insufficiency, which could result in varicose veins.?
Varicose veins are the large, bulging surface veins that are just under the skin. They develop due to weakness in the vein wall and the valves in the vein. Symptoms may include leg swelling, heaviness, fatigue, restlessness, cramps, itching and pain.
The number of treatments will vary from patient to patient depending on type of veins treated and severity of problem.
?Most spider veins are treated with a combination of sclerotherapy injections; superficial and/or topical laser therapy and Ohmic Thermolysis (Vein Gogh). Most patients require a combination of treatments for the best result.
?For varicose veins, an Endovenous Laser Ablation (EVLA) has become a very effective, minimally invasive alternative to the previously painful and primitive procedure of surgical vein stripping.