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If a patient has PAD, is that different from venous reflux?
Yes very pad refers to arteries reflux to the veins.
Michael D. Ingegno
Yes! PAD is Peripheral Arterial Disease, which is disease of the arteries. Venous Reflux is disease of the veins.
Sandra D. Dickerson
PAD stands for peripheral artery disease, and as such, involves arteries and plaque build-up, similar to coronary artery disease (blockage in heart arteries).
Venous Reflux is a disease of veins, which use valves to help return blood to the heart for re-circulation. The treatment for venous reflux is very different than that for PAD and you should certainly seek evaluation from a vascular specialist to determine which problem you have. Some people have both, and other neither.
Peripheral ARTERIAL disease refers to a problem in the arteries, usually atherosclerotic deposits of fat and calcium in the wall of the arteries causing blockage of the arteries. Often, PAD causes no leg symptoms, but severe obstruction of blood flow may cause pain or weakness in the calves with walking or, in very severe cases, pain in the toes and feet at rest. Venus reflux is failure of the one-way valves in the veins allowing high pressures of blood to develop in the veins of the legs from blood running downhill with the force of gravity.
Stephen F. Daugherty, MD, FACS, RVT, RPhS
Quite different. Circulation is 2 sided, arterial and venous. Arteries
bring oxygenated blood from the heart to the organs and the veins return
blood from the organs to the heart to be pumped to the lungs to get more
oxygen. PAD is short for peripheral artery disease (as in blockages from
hardening of the arteries from plaque build-up). The main causes of pad are
high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, advancing age and heredity.
Symptoms of pad include muscle cramps with exercise, pain in the feet at
night which is better with dependency and complications may include gangrene
and non healing painful ulcers (gangrene). Venous insufficiency is defined
as faulty blood return in the veins usually related to leaky valves in the
leg veins. This is also known as venous reflux disease, leaky veins and
chronic venous insufficiency. Varicose veins is one symptom or sign of this
disease, others include heaviness and achiness in the legs, skin changes and